IX STRAUSS’S OPPONENTS AND SUPPORTERS
|November 20, 2011||Posted by webmaster under All text of Schweitzer Quest Jesus, chapter nine||
STRAUSS’S OPPONENTS AND SUPPORTERS
David Friedrich Strauss. Streitschriften zur Verteidigung meiner Sclirift liber das Leben-Jesu und zur Charakteristik der gegenwärtigen Theologie. (Replies to criticisms of my work on the Life of Jeaus; with an estimate of present-day theology.) Tübingen, 1837.
Das Leben-Jesu, 3te verbesserte Auflage (3rd revised edition). 1838-1839. Tübingen.
August Tholuck. Die Glaubwürdigkeit der evangelischen Geschichte, zugleich eine Kritik des Lebens Jesu von Strauss. (The Credibility of the Gospel History, with an incidental criticism of Strauss’s “Leben-Jesu.”) Hamburg, 1837.
Aug. Wilh. Neander. Das Leben Jesu-Christi. Hamburg, 1837.
Dr. Neanders auf höhere Verlassung abgefasstes Gutachten über das Buch des Dr. Strauss’ “Leben-Jesu” und das in Beziehung auf die Verbreitung desselben zu beachtende Verfahren. (Dr. Neander’s report, drawn up at the request of the authorities, upon Dr. Strauss’s “Leben-Jesu” and the measures to be adopted in regard to its circulation.) 1836.
Leonhard Hug. Gutachten über das Leben-Jesu, kritisch bearbeitet von D. Fr. Strauss. (Report on D. Fr. Strauss’s critical work upon the Life of Jesus.) Freiburg, 1840.
Christian Gottlob Wilke. Tradition und Mythe. Ein Beitrag zur historischen Kritik der kanonischen Evangelien überhaupt, wie insbesondere zur Würdigung des mythischen Idealismus im Leben-Jesu von Strauss. (Tradition and Myth. A Contribution to the General Historical Criticism of the Gospels; with special reference to the mythical idealism of Strauss’s “Leben-Jesu.”) Leipzig, 1837.
August Ebrard. Wissenschaftliche Kritik der evangelischen Geschichte. (Scientific Criticism of the Gospel History.) Frankfort, 1842.
Georg Heinr. Aug. Ewald. Geschichte Christus’ und seiner Zeit. (History of Christ and His Times.) 1855. Fifth volume of the “Geschichte des Volkes Israel.”
Christoph Friedrich von Ammon. Die Geschichte des Lebens Jesu mit steter Rücksicht auf die vorhandenen Quellen. (History of the Life of Jesus with constant reference to the extant sources.) 3 vols. 1842-1847.
SCARCELY EVER HAS A BOOK LET LOOSE SUCH A STORM OF CONTROVERSY; and scarcely ever has a controversy been so barren of immediate result. The fertilising rain brought up a crop of toad-stools. Of the forty or fifty essays on the subject which appeared in the next five years, there are only four or five which are of any value, and even of these the value is very small.
Strauss’s first idea was to deal with each of his opponents separately, and he published in 1837 three successive Streitschriften. In the preface to the first of these he states that he has kept silence for two years from a rooted objection to anything in the nature of reply or counter-criticism, and because he had little expectation of any good results from such controversy. These essays are able, and are often written with biting scorn, especially that directed against his inveterate enemy, Steudel of Tübingen, the representative of intellectual supernaturalism, and that against Eschenmayer, a pastor, also of Tübingen. To a work of the latter, “The Iscariotism of our Days” (1835), he had referred in the preface to the second volume of his Life of Jesus in the following remark: “This offspring of the legitimate marriage between theological ignorance and religious intolerance, blessed by a sleep-walking philosophy, succeeds in making itself so completely ridiculous that it renders any serious reply unnecessary.”
But for all his sarcasm Strauss does not show himself an adroit debater in this controversy, any more than in later times in the Diet.
It is indeed remarkable how unskilled in polemics is this man who had produced a critical work of the first importance with almost playful ease. If his opponents made no effort to understand him rightly—and many of them certainly wrote without having carefully studied the fourteen hundred pages of his two volumes—Strauss on his part seemed to be stricken with a kind of uncertainty, lost himself in a maze of detail, and failed to keep continually re-formulating the main problems which he had set up for discussion, and so compelling his adversaries to face them fairly.
 For general title see above. First part: “Herr Dr. Steudel, or the Self-deception of the Intellectual Supernaturalism of our Time.” 182 pp. Second part: “Die Herren Eschenmayer und Menzel.” 247 pp. Third part: “Die evangelische Kircheneitung, die Jahrbücher für wissenschaftliche Kritik und Die theologischen Studien und Kritiken in ihrer Stellung zu meiner Kritik des Lebens Jesu.” (The attitude taken up by … in regard to my critical Life of Jesus.) 179 pp. In the Studien und Kritiken two reviews had appeared: a critical review by Dr. Ullmann (vol. for 1836, pp. 770-816) and that of Müller, written from the standpoint of the “common faith” (vol. for 1836, pp. 816-890). In the Evangelische Kircheneitung the articles referred to are the following: Vorwort (Editorial Survey), 1836, pp. 1-6, 9-14, 17-23, 25-31, 33-38, 41-45; “The Future of our Theology” (1836, pp. 281 ff.) ; “Thoughts suggested by Dr. Strauss’s essay on ‘The Relation of Theological Criticism and Speculation to the Church'” (1836, pp. 382 ff.) ; Strauss’s essay had appeared in the Allgemeine Kircheneitung for 1836, No. 39. “Die kritische Bearbeitung des Lebens Jesu von D. F. Strauss nach ihrem wissenschaftlichen Werte beleuchtet.” (An Inquiry into the Scientific Value of D. F. Strauss’s Critical Study of the Life of Jesus.) By Prof. Dr. Harless. Erlangen, 1836.
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