XI Bruno Bauer THE FIRST SCEPTICAL LIFE OF JESUS
|November 20, 2011||Posted by webmaster under All text of Schweitzer Quest Jesus, chapter eleven||
THE FIRST SCEPTICAL LIFE OF JESUS
Kritik der evangelischen Geschichte des Johannes. (Criticism of the Gospel History of John.) Bremen, 1840. 435 pp.
Kritik der evangelischen Geschichte der Synoptiker. (Criticism of the Gospel History of the Synoptics.) 3 vols., Leipzig, 1841-1842; vol. i. 416 pp.; vol. ii. 392 pp.; vol. iii. 341 pp.
Kritik der Evangelien. (Criticism of the Gospels.) 2 vols., 1850-1851, Berlin.
Kritik der Apostelgeschichte. (Criticism of Acts.) 1850.
Kritik der Paulinischen Briefe. Berlin, 1850-1852. In three parts.
Philo, Strauss, Renan und das Urchristentum. (P., S., R., and Primitive Christianity.) Berlin, 1874. 155 pp.
Christus und die Cäsaren. Der Ursprung des Christentums aus dem römischen Griechentum. (The Origin of Christianity from Graeco-Roman Civilisation.) Berlin, 1877. 387 pp.
BRUNO BAUER WAS BORN IN 1809 AT EISENBERG, IN THE DUCHY OF Sachsen-Altenburg. In philosophy, he was at first associated entirely with the Hegelian “right.” Like Strauss, he received a strong impulse from Vatke. At this stage of his development he reviewed, in 1835 and 1836, Strauss’s Life of Jesus in the Jahrbucher fur wissenschaftliche Kritik, and wrote in 1838 a “Criticism of the History of Revelation.”
In 1834 he had become Privat-Docent in Berlin, but in 1839 he removed to Bonn. He was then in the midst of that intellectual crisis of which the evidence appeared in his critical works on John and the Synoptics. In August 1841 the Minister, Eichhorn, requested the Faculties of the Prussian Universities to report on the question whether Bauer should be allowed to retain the venia docendi. Most of them returned an evasive answer, Konigsberg replied in the affirmative, and Bonn in the negative. In March 1842 Bauer was obliged to cease lecturing, and retired to Rixdorf near Berlin. In the first heat of his furious indignation over this treatment he wrote a work with the title “Christianity Exposed,” which, however, was cancelled before publication at Zurich in 1843.
 Kritik der Geschichte der Offenbarung.
 Das entdeckte Christentum. See also Die gute Sache der Freiheit und meine eigene Angelegenheit. (The Good Cause of Freedom, in Connexion with my own Case.) Zurich, 1843.
Albert Schweitzer's The Quest of the Historical Jesus
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